Russian Revolution

WWI saw many countries affected both directly and indirectly. One such country was Russia whose 3 million casualties included over a million civilians who died as a result of attack, starvation or disease related to the war. 

The last of the Romanov Tsars, Nicholas II, was unable to rally his people behind him and instead was helpless in the face of a popular uprising in February 1917 which saw his Government toppled from both within and without and ultimately saw him walk away from his family's throne after 350 years of Romanov rule.  The replacement Provisional Government however quickly found itself also unable to unite the country and by the end of the year a revolutionary Marxist party called the Bolsheviks had successfully seized power themselves...

How much did WWI weaken Romanov control of Russia?

Read the text above 108-110 - how did WWI affect Russia?

How did the second Russian Revolution change Russia?

In order to answer this question, we first need to establish what political ideology is because this was the reason why the Bolsheviks had grouped together in the first place, and how they then changed Russia into the USSR.  Political ideologies are different ideas about how people should live together and organise resources.  These ideas are largely based upon how we see one another and our needs, and have been traditionally organised since the French Revolution into left, centre and right on the political spectrum diagram we can see below, mainly on economic lines

In the 20th century, this diagram was modified when the birth of two extreme utopian ideologies saw an alternative political diagram invented.  The political horseshoe diagram shows how these two extremes were actually far closer to one another than to the rest of the traditional ideologies represented on the earlier spectrum.

However by the end of the 20th century and at the start of the 21st, our worldview is no longer just shaped by these narrow economic factors, and in fact as seen above it can lead to confusion about what these ideologies stand for.  The social impact of policy has started to be used as another focus for assessing these ideologies, or how we organise ourselves.  The Political Compass, as opposed to the traditional spectrum, tries to assess political ideology on both economic and social scales.  The result is a diagram similar to the one we can see bottom right.  Your job now is to work out where you sit ideologically in the 21st by clicking on the diagram, completing the test, seeing where your answers put you...read the analysis which explains what your result means, and print your certificate to see your position in relation to a number of famous (and not so famous) historical figures.....

"The enduring appeal of The Political Compass lies in its universality, and the fact that it’s neither a fly-by-night election-time survey, nor a shallow personality test. Our test profiles political personalities applicable to all democracies. Our expanding range of features enables you to compare the politics of different countries and political figures past and present. Here’s a brief video introduction: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5u3UCz0TM5Q

Our essential point is that Left and Right, although far from obsolete, are essentially a measure of economics. As political establishments adopt either enthusiastically or reluctantly the prevailing economic orthodoxy — the neo-liberal strain of capitalism — the Left-Right division between mainstream parties becomes increasingly blurred. Instead, party differences tend to be more about identity issues. In the narrowing debate, our social scale is more crucial than ever."

Source - https://www.politicalcompass.org/about

220px-Political_Compass_purple_LibRight.

Using your new-found political ideology knowledge, use the information in the text link at the top of the page to assess the political motivations behind the key events in Russia during 1917:

- February 1917 Revolution in opposition to the Tsar

- Growing opposition to the Provisional Government during 1917

- October 1917 Revolution in opposition to the Provisional Government

Why would the left, centre and/or right have opposed the Tsar and the Provisional Government?

Who was involved in the final act of 1917, the November Revolution?

Why was this the case and what did it mean for the future of Russia in your opinion?

http://issuu.com/jamie_cormick/docs/gulag_system

 

http://issuu.com/jamie_cormick/docs/rise_of_tot___ww2

 

http://issuu.com/jamie_cormick/docs/igcserussrevstalin/0

 

Soviet archives

http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/soviet.exhibit/intro1.html

 

 

 

 

Tsarist Russia

https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x3kvsa6

Lucy Worsley's Empire of the Tsars

- pt 3 - Road to Revolution - rule of Ni, AII, AIII & NII

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8PFQ7Th_rAs&index=8&list=PL9BE6F13EC8BFCEA4

Russia - Land of the Tsars 17-20

            Rule of AII, AIII, NII and collapse of Romanovs

 

https://www.lsa.umich.edu/UMICH/crees/Home/Resources/Documents/Teacher%20Outreach/Workshops/gogel.pdf

Resources and worksheets on collapse of Tsarist Russia

 

War and Revolution in Russia 1914-1921

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/eastern_front_01.shtml

http://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2013/sep/01/winston-churchill-shocking-use-chemical-weapons

 

 

Revolution, Lenin and Stalin's Rise

https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x6a5mlj

Countdown to Russian Rev - BBC - Lucy Worsley on events in 1917

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qWtppkfoEQY&index=6&list=PLZmE4040NtciF1KwfpqZJ5li0ZEUnJzE_

1917 podcast

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PpYFoaOXLqE&index=7&list=PLZmE4040NtciF1KwfpqZJ5li0ZEUnJzE_

Lenin's Russia 1917-24 podcast

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lm8Px_Dc0BE&list=PLZmE4040NtciF1KwfpqZJ5li0ZEUnJzE_&index=8

Stalin's rise to power 1924-28 podcast

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GmFevokQqGk

BBC History Files - The Soviets - Stalin's Rise 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1xlIo-M6XfA

Vladimir Lenin documentary - 33.50-46.05

 

Stalin  

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pRlOt-wqFHY - Stalin : Man of Steel documentary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SIzApqzlP3Q - Stalin - Inside the Terror BBC documentary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irWjjo_Ak2g - Stalin : Declassified documentary

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irYM2VcBv4A - Shostakovich Against Stalin

 

https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/works/1930/03/02.htm

Dizzy with Success

http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/genocide/stalin.htm

Holodomor

http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/soviet.exhibit/collect.html

Collectivisation sources

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_8e_OUUA2s

Stalin, Industrialisation & 5YPs

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SIzApqzlP3Q

Stalin - Inside the Terror BBC documentary

  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QF_fOHjWJMo

Stalin "Red Terror" - archival footage

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irYM2VcBv4A

shostakovich v stalin doc

 

 https://docs.google.com/document/d/19rz0ukWkrPpxOTn1ugjMQyALeek16YmxdWPoOpIqcbU/edit?usp=sharing

Googledoc - Revolutionary Russia 'The Great Terror'

 

Timeline of Stalin

 

Summer 1903:      ·the Social Democrats split into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks.

January 5, 1904:   ·Stalin escapes from Siberia, the first of many escapes from exile in the following decade.

Year 1905:            ·Revolution in Russia. Nicholas II announces constitutional reforms, creation of the Duma. Stalin marries Yekaterina Svanidze.

December 1905:    ·Stalin goes as a delegate to Bolshevik conference in Finland, meets Lenin for the first time.

March 1907:          ·Birth of Stalin's first child, Yakov

October 1907:       ·Death of Yekaterina

January 1912:       ·Bolsheviks officially separate from Social Democrats, Stalin appointed to the Party's Central Committee by Lenin.

January 1913:       ·Stalin co-writes, with Lenin, "Marxism and the National Question"

Aug-Sept 1914:     ·Outbreak of World War I.

March 1917:          ·Beginning of Russian Revolution. The Tsar's government falls, replaced with a Provisional Government.

                             Bolsheviks, including Stalin, hasten to St. Petersburg

April 1917:            ·Lenin returns from Switzerland, rebukes Stalin for taking a conciliar line with the Provisional Government.

November 1917:    ·Bolsheviks overthrow Provisional Government, seize power. Stalin plays only a minor role.

February 1918:      ·Stalin marries Nadezhda Alliluyeva

1918-1920:            ·Civil war in Russia. Trotsky organizes Red Army; Stalin commands forces in Tsaritsyn, Petrograd (St. Petersburg), and elsewhere.

1921:                     ·Birth of Stalin's second child, Vasily

1922:                     ·Official founding of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

April 1922:            ·Stalin elected General Secretary of the Communist Party

May 25, 1922:        ·Lenin suffers his first stroke

January 4, 1923:    ·Lenin, in a postscript to his Testament, warns the Party to remove Stalin from his position of power.

March 7, 1923:      ·Lenin suffers final stroke, loses his powers of speech

January 21, 1924:   ·Death of Lenin. Stalin survives the reading of the Testament by the Central Committee in May.

1924-25:                ·Stalin publicly attacks Trotsky for being unfaithful to "Leninism."

December 1924:    ·Stalin publicly articulates his theory of "Socialism in One Country."

December 1925:    ·Allied with Bukharin and the "Rightists," Stalin begins attacks on Zinoviev.

February 28, 1926: ·Birth of Stalin's third child, Svetlana

Oct-Nov 1926:       ·At the Fifteenth Party Congress, Stalin attacks the "United Opposition" of Zinoviev, Kamenev, and Trotsky.

1927:                     ·Beginning of the first Five-Year Plan

November 1927:    ·Kamenev and Zinoviev expelled from the Party; Trotsky expelled and sent to Central Asia.

April 1929:            ·Stalin begins assault on Bukharin

November 1929:    ·Bukharin removed from the Politburo

December 1929:    ·Stalin announces "liquidation of the kulaks as a class"; collectivization begins in earnest.

1931-32:                ·Terrible famine across the Soviet Union; millions die

Nov 8, 1932:          ·Suicide of Nadezhda

December 1, 1934: ·Murder, by Stalin's agents, of Sergei Kirov. Beginning of "Great Terror," which continues until 1938.

January 1935:        ·Zinoviev, Kamenev, and others are arrested, accused of complicity in Kirov's assassination.

August 1936:         ·First "Show Trial." Zinoviev, Kamenev, and their allies confess and are executed.

January 1937:        ·Second Show Trial

June 1937:             ·Purge of the army begins, top generals are tried and executed

March 1938:           ·Third Show Trial, conviction and execution of Bukharin, Rykov, others.

March 1939:           ·At Eighteenth Party Congress, Stalin announces end of the Great Terror.

August 23, 1939:    ·Nazi-Soviet Pact is signed in Moscow

September 1939:    ·Outbreak of World War II

August 20, 1940:     ·Trotsky assassinated, by Stalin's agents, in Mexico City.

June 21, 1941:         ·Hitler invades Soviet Union

Aug 1942-Feb 43:   · Battle of Stalingrad. Germans are defeated, marking the turning point in the war.

November 1943:    · Stalin meets with Roosevelt and Churchill in Teheran

February 1945:        ·Stalin meets with Roosevelt and Churchill at Yalta

April 31, 1945:        ·Hitler commits suicide in bombed-out Berlin, ending war in Europe. Red Army controls all of Eastern Europe.

August 1945:          ·United States uses atomic bomb against Japan, bringing an end to the war in the Pacific.

February 1948:       ·Communists seize power in Czechoslovakia, cementing Soviet control of Eastern Europe.

Summer 1948: ·Soviets blockade East Berlin.

1949: ·Communists, under Mao, are victorious in Chinese Civil War.

September 1949: ·Soviets explode their first atomic bomb.

December 1949: ·Stalin celebrates his seventieth birthday.

February 1950: ·Sino-Soviet Treaty signed

1950-53: ·Korean War

January 1953: ·Announcement of Jewish "Doctors' Plot" against Stalin, plans for new wave of terror.

March 5, 1953: ·Death of Stalin

 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6peo16naLok 

 "Animal Farm" 1954 cartoon - animated version of George Orwell`s account of the Russian Revolution and it`s results

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6252E99371DA461D

iGCSE revision lectures - End WWI; PPC; TOV; Impact; Fair or not?

 

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL71CCE5F1EF4A00BA

iGCSE revision lectures - LON est & structure; LON 20s; Manchuria; Disarm Agreements; Great Depression; Mussolini & Abyssinia

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1RD-uEIcKFQYUEBudGlg0UycBSbpTPUFqOYRGAnbCNb4/edit?usp=sharing

Googleshare PPC 11D class verdict

  

https://quizlet.com/_2tmi5b

PPC Top Trumps

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/ir1/thetreatyrev1.shtml

http://www.activehistory.co.uk/ib-history/ib-history-paper-1-tips.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dW8IO...

BBC TOV documentary

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T7iXNZJsa6s

Paris 1919 - 6 months that changed the world

National WW1 museum lecture - Margaret McMillan

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6h7BD8ER2yQ

historypodcast.net episode

Successes and failures of LON

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tzWnpt1cFC8

Failure of LON song - BBC revision...:)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BJFe2nLcmjo

Rise & Fall of Japanese Empire pt I

- Manchuria & Korea

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v4HKaTmDip8

LON and Manchuria 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=op-dD3oUMh0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwbrg0R5o8w

Abyssinia Crisis

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jvl8sx6JK-0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aarFxsGUJSA

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zq9yh0Pc6N4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YXci6fcG2Yc

People's Century - PBS/BBC production 

- good background to interwar period

ep 5 -Lost Peace 1919

ep 6 -On the Line 1924

ep 7 - Breadline 1929

ep 9 - Master Race 1933