Imperial Russia and Revolution 1855 - 1914

To what extent did Alexander II succeed in his attempts to modernize Russia?

To what extent did Alexander II’s policies succeed in fulfilling his aims?

“What happened during the reign of Alexander II was more of a revolution than many other 19C 'revolutions'."

To what extent do you agree with the assertion that Alexander II’s policies were revolutionary?

“Considering the difficulties he inherited, Alexander II should be praised not criticised for his reforms.”

To what extent do you agree with this judgment?

To what extent did Alexander II’s reforms cause more problems than they solved?

Analyse the reasons for, and the nature of, opposition to tsardom in Russia between 1855 and 1881.

Compare and contrast the domestic policies of Alexander II and Alexander III. 

“Despite his apparently liberal policies, Alexander II was just as conservative as Alexander III.”

To what extent do you agree with this statement?

“Alexander III was a political reactionary but an economic modernizer.”

To what extent do you agree with this statement?  

Assess the successes and failures of Nicholas II between 1894 and 1917. 

Examine the reasons for the growth of opposition movements in Russia between 1881 and 1914. 

To what extent was the revolution of February 1917 due to the nature of Tsarism and  policies of Nicholas II

“The outbreak of war in 1914 postponed the downfall of Nicholas II but also contributed to his overthrow.” 

To what extent do you agree with this statement?

Analyse the long term and short term causes of the 1917 February/March Russian Revolution.

Why did Nicholas II survive the 1905 revolution, but lose his throne in the February/ March 1917 revolution?

Analyse the causes of the 1917 February/March Russian Revolution.

Compare and contrast the causes and consequences of the 1905 and February 1917 Russian Revolutions.

Why was the Provisional Government in Russia unable to consolidate and maintain its power in 1917?

Analyse the causes and immediate consequences (up to 1921) of the October 1917 Russian Revolution.

Analyse the reasons for the success of the Bolsheviks in the second  1917 Russian Revolution.

“The Bolshevik state under Lenin 1918-1924 was a ruthless dictatorship, caring little for the Russian people.”

To what extent do you agree with this statement?

Compare and contrast the roles of Lenin and Trotsky in the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, and in the foundation of the new Soviet State until 1924.

How important was Trotsky  in the establishment and development of the USSR between 1917 and 1924?

For what reasons, and in what ways, was a Marxist state set up in Russia between 1918 and 1924?

 

Compare and contrast the part played by Lenin and Trotsky in the development of the USSR between 1918 and 1924.

 

“One step forward two steps back; it happens in the lives of individuals, and in the history of nations.” 

To what extent can this quotation be applied to Lenin’s career and rule of the USSR 1918 to 1924?

 

Compare and contrast the role of the Soviets in the February and October revolutions of 1917 in Russia. 

 

“Strong political and military leaders were the main factors in Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War.”

To what extent do you agree with this statement? 

 

Examine the reasons for Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War.