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The industrial revolution

The Industrial Revolution is different from the two largely political revolutions just looked at.  This is a socio-economic revolution which changed the way we work, we make money, we see each other, and how we interact with the planet.  None of this was obvious to those pioneers and entrepreneurs who started to change traditional working habits in 18th century Great Britain however.  They had no idea their isolated experiments would change the face of the earth and the fortunes of modern Europe.  What were these  changes, who started them...and why?

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Causes of the Industrial Revolution - SAFE

Using the introductory SAFE text, explore why the Industrial Revolution happened in Great Britain in the 1700s, and then consolidate that understanding using the digital text above, and the video resources below using the attached Word document worksheets to help you make resources..

Serendipity or Luck - as with all major historical events, there is an                     element of luck about the emergence of industry in                         Great Britain with all the right factors in the same                             place at the same time as we will see below....

Agricultural - the building blocks of the IR were established not in Revolution     towns but in the countryside, where 1000s of years                          of tradition were rapidly replaced by new rules                                (Enclosure), methods (3 + 4 field crop rotation) and                          new technology (seed drills, ploughs)

Factories - the increase in food production and resulting rural                           exodus of population to towns in search of jobs                               allowed for the evolution of the factory system on an                       industrial scale. Once this system had proved itself                           successful in the Peak District countryside in Northern                     England, the next step was to to move these factories                     to where the labour now was. James Watt's smaller,                         more portable steam engine allowed factory owners to                   move away from fast flowing rivers in the middle of                         nowhere and instead of using water to power their                         machines, were then able to steam instead and so put                     their factories wherever they wanted.  The mass                               production age with huge workforces was now possible

Empire - however, without the British Empire all of this would have                          mattered for very little.  If there has been limited resources to                    use (cotton, malleable metals, hardwoods) with few markets to                    sell the products to (N America, India, E Asia)  then there would                  have been no reward for industrialising and so no revolution.  the                fact that Britain had an empire which could provide these                            resources and markets meant that the revolution once launched                  could continue and evolve and ultimately spread.....

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q4Zdmd4J7TI&list=PL8dPuuaLjXtMczXZUmjb3mZSU1Roxnrey&index=8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3WpaLt_Blr4&index=9&list=PL8dPuuaLjXtMczXZUmjb3mZSU1Roxnrey

Crash Course Big History - The Modern revolution; The Anthropecene and Near Future

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9VKhAei5DCE

- "Why the Industrial Revolution started here" - BBC documentary on start of Ind Rev

 

https://vimeo.com/45101348

- "Filthy Cities" BBC documentary on how the Industrial Revolution affected New York...

 

 

https://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/ind_rev/links/Links.html - Industrial Revolution links

 

 

 

 

 

Open publication - Free publishing

 

 

 

 

Open publication - Free publishing

 

 

 

 

     Causes of the Industrial Revolution

 

 

 

 

Transport of the Industrial Revolution 

 

 

 

 

Effects of the Industrial Revolution

 

 

 

 

Changing ways of thinking