Authoritarian States

Authoritarian States - Case study I - Chicago, 1968
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Chicago, 1968

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Authoritarian States - Case study II - North Korea

- What does N Korea look like?

- How does the government treat the foreign visitors?

- What concerns does the journalist have about his minders?

- What is your impression about what life is really like in N Korea? 

- In your opinion, what has caused this to happen?.......

Powerpoint on North Korean history and how it works today

Class feedback from BBC Panorama documentary on N Korea...

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Q - Why do these types of states exist?  

    - Who would want to establish them and why?


A - Political ideologies are ideas people have about how to           

     organise people living in communities.  Different ideologies     

     provide different systems depending how they see our nature     

     and what we need to work well when living together in groups.

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Q - So why do some political ideologies end up organising   

      systems that no-one really wants to live in?

A - Ideologies start off with certain ideas as their base. However

     when put into practise, these ideas can soon be proved to be

     too idealistic and unpractical to work as intended. When applied

     to reality they often produce results that either don't match the

     ideas, or which take the ideas to extremes. Looking at Marxism

     gives us a good example of this


     Marx's original ideology ended up with people in a social     

     utopia cooperating - taking what they needed and giving what

     they could.....

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However when put into practice these ideas more often than not led to authoritarian and totalitarian regimes....

Q - so how were these ideologies supposed to survive even if they somehow managed to get themselves into a position of power?

A - these ideologies were underpinned by and associated with economic theories that challenged the existing capitalist system that had emerged from the 19thC largely unchallenged.  The horrors of WWI had seen this radically shift with widespread opposition to the establishment and their ideas emerging - both Communisma nd Fascism emerged at his time.  However, to understand how their challenges came to be successful, we must investigate what the economic systems of capitalism and socialism are and where they came from

Please read the Word document below on the left and use the highlighted sections to complete the copy with blanks on that you have been given in class (a copy of this can also be found below - click on the Word doc in the centre)

Then access the digital link by clicking on the right-hand book icon to complete the section on corporatism as an alternative to capitalism...

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Click on the above whiteboard photo to access googledoc feedback on how 20thC history helped transform ideologies into authoritarian regimes...whilst accessing the videos below will give you some insights into how to compare and contrast authoritarian regimes such as Hitler's Germany + Lenin's USSR

Click on the image on the left to access the googledoc class judgement on the nature of Stalin's USSR..........

Rise and fall of Trotsky documentary

Marx  - BBC Radio In Our Time debate

Marx - Master of money documentary

Lenin  - BBC Radio In Our Time debate